Thanks to Australia's isolation and quarantine standards it is free of most tropical diseases and diseases of insanitation. Nonetheless, travellers should have adequate travel insurance that includes health coverage. There are medical centres and hospitals throughout all cities and towns. You can request to see a male or female doctor at any medical centre. There are many bilingual doctors throughout Australia. You can find contact details for a doctor or local medical centre through the local telephone directory or directory assistance.
Australia's public health care system is called Medicare. Eligibility for benefits is generally restricted to residents of Australia. While Australia does have reciprocal healthcare agreements with several countries, it is best to check before you leave home and to always have appropriate travel insurance.
Vaccinations are not required unless you have come from, or visited a yellow fever infected country or zone within six days before entering Australia. No other health certificate is needed.
The tap water throughout Australia is of a standard suitable for drinking.
Sun protection is a serious health matter in Australia, as the Ultra Violet (UV) is very high at all times of the year. The UV exposure is at its greatest between 10am and 3pm so avoid skin exposure to the sun between these times. To avoid skin burn, never go outside without a broad spectrum sunscreen of at least SPF 30 and a hat, and drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. Apply sunscreen 30 minutes before sun exposure, and reapply regularly.
Help improve the health and well-being of all people living in the remote communities when travelling through far north Queensland and Cape York and know your restrictions.
For more information visit: http://www.datsima.qld.gov.au/atsis/everybodys-business/alcohol-restrictions-for-travellers
In case of a health emergency call triple zero (000) for ambulance assistance throughout Australia. From mobile phones call 112.
For non-emergency police attendance call 131 444.